By the Numbers: What is Brewhouse Efficiency and Why it is Important
Cheese of the Month Club

By the Numbers: What is Brewhouse Efficiency and Why it is Important

Brewhouse efficiency is a key metric in the brewing industry that measures the effectiveness of the mashing and lautering process in extracting fermentable sugars from the grains. It is expressed as a percentage and represents the ratio of the actual extract obtained from the grains to the maximum potential extract that could be obtained under ideal conditions. In simpler terms, brewhouse efficiency indicates how well a brewery is able to convert the starches in the grains into sugars during the brewing process.

The formula for calculating brewhouse efficiency is as follows:

Brewhouse Efficiency Formula


Here, "points" refer to the specific gravity of the wort.

Now, let's discuss why brewhouse efficiency is important:

1. Consistency in Beer Production:
Maintaining a consistent brewhouse efficiency helps ensure that each batch of beer produced by the brewery has a similar level of fermentable sugars. This consistency is crucial for achieving the desired alcohol content, flavor profile, and mouthfeel in the final product.

2. Cost Control:
Efficient extraction of fermentable sugars from the grains is economically important. Higher brewhouse efficiency means getting more sugars from the same amount of raw materials, reducing the overall cost of production per unit of beer.

3. Resource Optimization:
Efficient brewing processes lead to better utilization of resources such as malt, water, and energy. Breweries can optimize their ingredient usage, reducing waste and making the brewing process more sustainable.

4. Time Management:
Breweries with high brewhouse efficiency can achieve their target extract levels more quickly, potentially reducing the overall brewing time. This allows for more efficient use of equipment and facilities.

5. Quality Control:
Brewhouse efficiency is a critical parameter for quality control. If efficiency varies significantly between batches, it can lead to inconsistencies in the final product. Consistent brewhouse efficiency contributes to a more predictable and controllable brewing process.

6. Recipe Development:
Knowing the brewhouse efficiency allows brewers to adjust their recipes accordingly. If the efficiency is consistently high or low, brewers can adapt their ingredient quantities to achieve the desired characteristics in the beer.

7. Profitability:
Higher brewhouse efficiency directly impacts the brewery's profitability. By extracting more fermentable sugars from the grains, breweries can produce more beer with the same amount of raw materials, improving the overall profit margins.

8. Benchmarking:
Brewhouse efficiency is a valuable benchmark for comparing the performance of different brewing systems or evaluating improvements over time. It provides insights into the effectiveness of the mashing and lautering process.

In summary, brewhouse efficiency is a crucial factor in the brewing industry, influencing both the economic and qualitative aspects of beer production. Breweries strive to optimize their brewhouse efficiency to achieve consistent, high-quality beers while maximizing resource utilization and minimizing costs.

Back to blog